Formwork is a structure, usually temporary,
used to contain poured concrete and to mould it to the required
dimensions and support until it is able to support itself. It
consists primarily of the face contact material and the bearers
that directly support the face contact material.
Formwork systems used for concrete frame
construction have continued to develop significantly since the
early 1990s. The major innovations have focused on on-site
efficiency of production, health and safety, and environmental
issues, driving the concrete construction industry towards
Different formwork systems provide a wide
range of concrete construction solutions that can be chosen to suit
the needs of a particular development.
Traditional formwork for concrete construction
normally consisted of bespoke solutions requiring skilled
craftsmen. This type of formwork often had poor safety
features and gave slow rates of construction on-site and huge
levels of waste.
The main types of formwork systems in use now
- Table form/flying form
- System column formwork
- Horizontal panel
- Slip form
- Tunnel form
The modern formwork systems listed above are
mostly modular, which are designed for speed and
efficiency. They are designed to provide increased accuracy
and minimize waste in construction and most have enhanced health
and safety features built-in.
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Formwork for Modern Efficient Concrete Construction